Rock Powder is para-magnetic or diamagnetic

Farmers are increasingly concerned about the fertility of their soils. One answer is found in adding rock powder. But what type of rock is best for your soil? Its quality and its effect may be in enriching the mineral content in the soil, but it may as well be in its para- or diamagnetic effect.

In addition to the magnetic aspects of the earth as a celestial body, the minerals in the earth themselves also show magnetic properties, which are important for plants and animals and humans. Various rock powders have their specific magnetic properties.

The diagram of the periodic table of the elements (below), shows an interesting pattern in the magnetic character of the elements. The composition of rock powder, for example, determines the type of magnetic effect that it generates in the soil. In addition to the forms of electromagnetism and ferromagnetism that we might call ‘active magnetic’, there is also a ‘passive’ form of sensitivity to magnetism. Those rocks then themselves do not have an active magnetic effect, but they are sensitive to it. These rocks are called para-magnetic or dia-magnetic. These are not esoteric terms, by the way, but standard phrases copied from physics books. Schrodinger – in ‘What is Life?’ – explains this phenomenon from a quantum physics perspective. Knowing the specific magnetic characteristics of rock powders is beneficial for agricultural and horticultural practice.

The Periodic System of Elements, mapped according to magnetic properties of the elements. Elements in blue are dia-magnetic. Elements in purple are para-magnetic. Source ‘The Periodic Table, a visual guide to the Elements’ van Tom Jackson. 2017. Aurum Press.

The three green coloured elements in the table, of iron (Fe), cobalt (Co) and nickel (Ni), are actively magnetic. The elements in the purple are para-magnetic to a greater or lesser extent and the elements in the blue boxes are mainly dia-magnetic. It is striking that oxygen, positioned in the middle of the dia-magnetic elements itself is para-magnetic.

Different types of magnetism:

Electro-magnetic = field caused by electric current

Ferro-  magnetic = static magnetic field, such as in an iron bar

Para –   magnetic = non-ferromagnetic substance, attracted to a magnetic field

Dia –    magnetic = idem but these substances are repelled once exposed to a magnetic field

There is a simple test to determine whether a rock is mainly para- or dia-magnetic. Take a cord, attach a dia-magnetic material, such as wood, and hang it in a magnetic field, than the wood is softly repelled from the strong magnet. Para-magnetic material, on the contrary, such as a piece of basalt on that string, moves towards the magnet. The degree of dia- or para-magnetism is therefore expressed as cgs (centimeters per gram per second). The more centimeters a gram of a certain substance moves in one second, the stronger para- or dia-magnetic that substance is.

The first agronomist who developed this insight and made it measurable was Phil Callahan. He developed the so-called PCSM meter, as he describes in his book “Rediscovering nature’s Secret Force of Growth” (1995, Acres USA). In the Netherlands, this technique is being studied by Gino Smulders in close collaboration with a dozen producers.

Why is this magnetic property interesting for agriculture? Para-magnetic rock for example strengthens root growth and thus the growth of grass. In addition it increases sugar content in plants and makes them less susceptible to frost. The site mentions other relevant aspects. It contains important nutrients to stimulate soil life, it improves the soils CEC (cation exchange capacity), it provides Silicon for sturdy leaves and stems, and it improves the absorption of Phosphorus. When added to slurry, it reduces ammonia emissions (research WUR on Eifelgold-basalt). Last but not least it helps reducing the application of artificial fertilizers, which helps reducing greenhouse gases emission such as CO2.

And the para- or diamagnetic aspect itself also has an impact. It is mainly paramagnetic rock that can receive and store frequencies radiated from the cosmos onto the earth.This concerns the ELF (extremely low frequencies, among others the Schumann frequency). The suitable soil – which is sufficiently paramagnetic – can absorb favourable cosmic radiation, which strengthens the root growth, for example of grass, according to Callahan. Farmers have recently experimented with small towers filled with para-magnetic basalt. The photo below shows such a device. A large tower can strengthen up to 50 hectares, like a wheat company in South Australia has done.

These very long waves can penetrate better in water and soil than higher frequencies with their short waves. According to Callahan, future agriculture must build on C + O + P, meaning Compost, Organic life in the soil and Para-magnetism.

Anyhow, it will be clear that knowing something about the magnetic properties of different kinds of rock powder, in addition to its mineral content and its trace elements, helps a farmer to select the powder best fitting to the land.


A practical application of the magnetic action of rocks: a sewer pipe filled with the highly paramagnetic basalt powder (left picture). At the right, an impression of Schumann frequencies, as standing waves between the earth and the ionosphere around it. Sources: Hugh Lovel (left) and Callahan (right).

A test with a sewer pipe filled with basalt rock powder (highest para-magnetic value of over 3000 cgs) appears to have a favourable effect. Only one (1) such pipe appears to have an effect on dozens of hectares. The rock powder then serves as an antenna for favourable frequencies from the cosmos and the ionosphere around the earth (Austriche, 2012).

Hugh Lovel has published an article with precise instructions to build such a Field Broadcaster device yourself.  Here it is also explained how the device is working.

For farmers, the choice of specific rock powders could be important. Interestingly, these technical properties of various materials were known a long time ago, both in East and West, but have actually been forgotten. Now they appear to emerge again – with new explanations – through the insights of Callahan and Lovel and others who research effects of rock-powder. Callahan even assumed a parallel with the use of stones in ancient Japanese and Chinese gardens. The standing stones are usually para-magnetic and rich in yang energy, while the lying stones are dia-magnetic and rich in yin energy.


Henk Kieft

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